Toxicity Testing

Regulations and guidelines exist for the safe marketing, labelling, and (in some cases) transportation of chemicals, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, and consumer products. Many of the provisions require manufacturers to conduct testing to identify potential hazards to human and animal health, and to submit the test data to regulatory authorities.

Most of the toxicity tests for hazard assessment are animal tests that were developed decades ago. There are many scientific, ethical, and economic advantages to replacing these animal toxicity tests with non-animal (in vitro and in silico) test systems.

This section has been adapted from the AltTox, Non-animal Methods for Toxicity Testing website.

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