Three Rs Microsite

Care & Techniques


Successful implementation of refinement requires consideration of the entire lifetime experience of the animal, not just the animal's experience during an experiment.

Quality of care has a major impact on animal health and welfare. Environments that do not meet animals' physical, behavioural and/or social needs can result in changes in physiology and the development of abnormal behaviour (e.g., stereotypies). These changes may compromise animal welfare and also influence the validity and reproducibility of the scientific data obtained from them.

For these reasons, the Three Rs microsite includes information about housing and enrichment.


Quick Links